Red Sand Boa

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A report by the Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS)-India has pointed out 172 incidents of seizures of red sand boa between the years 2016-2021.

About Red Sand Boa: 

  • Red Sand Boa (Eryx johnii) is a species in the subfamily Erycinae of the family Boidae.
  • It is commonly called the Indian Sand Boa, is a non-venomous species found throughout the dry parts of the Indian subcontinent.
  • It is ovoviviparous and nocturnal and spends the majority of its time under the ground.
  • Distribution: The species is endemic to Iran, Pakistan, and India. 
  • Appearance:
    • It is a primarily reddish-brown and thick-set snake that grows to an average length of 75 cm.
    • Unlike most snakes, the tail is almost as thick as the body and gives the reptile the appearance of being "double-headed".
  • Ecologically importance
    • Like other snake species, the Red Sand Boa also plays a significant role in the ecosystem by maintaining a healthy population between prey and predator.
    • It feeds on rodents, lizards, and even other snakes. 
  • Conservation Status
    • IUCN: Near Threatened
    • Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972: Schedule IV
    • CITES: Appendix II


Q1) What  are Ovoviviparous ?

Ovoviviparous animals produce eggs, but instead of laying the eggs, the eggs develop within the mother's body and are born alive.

Source: 172 incidents of seizures of red sand boa recorded from 2016 to 2021: WCS-India report