Red Sanders

1 min read
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Recently, the union Minister for Environment, Forest and Climate Change informed that India has been removed from Review of Significant Trade (RST) for Red Sanders, under Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES).

About Red Sanders

  • It is a flora species that are endemic to a distinct tract of forests in the Eastern Ghats region of Andhra Pradesh.
  • Climatic condition required: It usually grows in rocky, degraded and fallow lands with Red Soil and a hot and dry climate.
  • Protection Status:
    • IUCN Red List: Endangered
    • CITES: Appendix II
    • The Wildlife (Protection) Act 1972: Schedule IV

What is CITES?

  • It is an international agreement to which States and regional economic integration organizations adhere voluntarily.
  • It was drafted as a result of a resolution adopted in 1963 at a meeting of members of IUCN (The World Conservation Union). It entered into force in July 1975.
  • Aim: To ensure that international trade in specimens of wild animals and plants does not threaten the survival of the species.
  • Although CITES is legally binding on the Parties – in other words they have to implement the Convention – it does not take the place of national laws.
  • The CITES Secretariat is administered by UNEP and is located in Geneva, Switzerland. 
  • The Conference of the Parties to CITES is the supreme decision-making body of the Convention and comprises all its parties.
  • India has been a party to CITES since 1976.

What is CITES RST process?

  • It enables disciplinary action in the form of trade suspensions directed at countries that do not meet their obligations.
  • This is a process through which the CITES Standing Committee places increased scrutiny on the exports of a species from a country to determine if the Convention is being properly implemented. 

Q1) What is IUCN?

The International Union for Conservation of Nature is a global organization composed of governments, NGOs, scientists, and experts dedicated to conserving nature and promoting sustainability. Its primary role involves assessing the conservation status of species, providing data and analysis on the state of biodiversity worldwide, and offering guidance and frameworks for conservation efforts.

Source: Shri Bhupender Yadav says based on compliance and reporting India has been removed from the Review of Significant Trade process for Red Sanders