Ranthambore National Park

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Overview:

The Ranthambore National Park administration plans to implement stringent monitoring of safari vehicles with Global Positioning System (GPS) trackers.

About Ranthambore National Park

  • Location:
    • It is located in the Sawai Madhopur district of southeastern Rajasthan.
    • It lies at the junction of the Aravali and Vindhya hill ranges.
  • It was the former hunting grounds of the Maharajas of Jaipur.
  • It derives its name from the Ranthambore Fort situated within its precincts.
  • It was on 1st November, 1980, that Ranthambore was declared a national park, while the forests located beside it were named Sawai Man Singh Sanctuary and Keladevi Sanctuary.
  • Landscape: It is characterized by a rugged terrain with dense forests, lakes, and ancient ruins.
  • Vegetation: The vegetation of the Ranthambhore is tropical dry deciduous and tropical thorn type due to its hilly track; water is confined to narrow valleys and some lakes. 
  • Rivers: The Chambal River in the south and the Banas River in the north bound the park.
  • There are several lakes in the park known as Padam Talab, Raj Bagh Talab, and Malik Talab.
  • Flora:
    • The most dominant plant is the 'Dhok'. This tropical tree constitutes more than three-fourths of the vegetation of this national forest.
    • Apart from the Dhok tree, the other prime trees in this park are Banyan, Pipal, and Neem.
  • Fauna:
    • Its flagship species is Panthera tigris tigris, the Indian or Bengal tiger.
    • Apart from tigers, the major wild animals include the leopard, nilgai, wild boar, sambar, hyena, sloth bear, and chital.

Q1) What is GPS?

The Global Positioning System (GPS) is a space-based satellite navigation system that provides location and time information in all weather conditions, anywhere on or near the Earth where there is an unobstructed line of sight to four or more GPS satellites. The system provides critical capabilities to military, civil and commercial users around the world. It is maintained by the United States government and is freely accessible to anyone with a GPS receiver.

Source: Stricter GPS monitoring of safari vehicles