Rollapadu Wildlife Sanctuary

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The Great Indian Bustard (GIB) has not been spotted at the Rollapadu Wildlife Sanctuary in Nandyal district of Andhra Pradesh and its surrounding areas for the last couple of years, which is an indication that the bird is at risk of local extinction.

About Rollapadu Wildlife Sanctuary

  • It is located in the state of Andhra Pradesh.
  • It lies between the Nallamalai and Yerramalai hill ranges of the Eastern Ghats.
  • It was declared a sanctuary in 1988 to protect the dwindling populations of the critically endangered Great Indian Bustard.
  • Uniqueness: It is the only GIB Sanctuary in Andhra Pradesh.
  • It owes its genesis to the discovery of the endangered Great Indian Bustard (GIB).
  • Flora: About 32 species of grassed like Aristida funiculata, Chrysopogon fulvus, Heteropogon contortus, like Cassia fistula (Golden shower tree), Butea monosperma (Flame of the forest), Acacia spp, Ziziphus mauritiana, etc.
  • Fauna:
    • The grassland Sanctuary is rich in invertebrate fauna particularly the insects that form a major part of the diet of most of the birds.
    • Land monitor lizards, Geckos, Skinks, Saw-scaled viper; etc. So far about 6 species of amphibians have been recorded here.
    • There are about 124 bird species like the Lesser florican, Demoiselle crane, Black stork, White stork, Harriers, etc;
    • These plains are also a home to endangered mammals like the Golden jackal, Indian wolf, Black buck, Chinkara; etc.

Q1) What is the Great Indian Bustard?

It is a bustard found on the Indian subcontinent. It is among the heaviest of the flying birds. The species has a current viable population of 100- 150 individuals in India and mainly survives in the Thar Desert of Rajasthan that holds about 100 individuals

Source: Is the Great Indian Bustard on the verge of local extinction?