Sal Tree

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Overview:

Recently, the government-owned Tribal Development Co-operative Corporation of Odisha Ltd (TDCCOL) decided to procure sal seeds (Shorea robusta) from nine Odisha districts.

Key points about Sal seeds:

  • Odisha has no major solvent extraction plant that produces oil from sal seeds, due to which the intermediaries procure the seeds from the state at a lower rate and sell them at a higher rate to the oil companies of other states
  • The state of Odisha has a rich depository of sal seeds accounting for 25 per cent of the country’s production, which played a significant role in the economics of the tribal people in the state.
  • Other major Sal seeds producing states include Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh and Jharkhand.

About Sal Tree:

  • It is a large sub-deciduous tree which is seldom completely leafless.
  • It is indigenous to India and occurs in two main regions separated by Gangetic plain namely the northern and central Indian regions.
  • It requires well-drained, moist and sandy loam soil.
  • Climatic conditions required: It survives upto a maximum temperature of 36°C to 44°C and minimum temperature of 11°C to 17°C and it needs an average rainfall of 1000 mm to 3500 mm per annum.
  • The resin of this tree is used in the indigenous system of medicine.

 


Q1) What is Loamy soil?

Loam soil is a type of soil that is considered to be ideal for plant growth. It is a balanced soil composition that combines three main soil particles: sand, silt, and clay, in roughly equal proportions.

Source: Odisha to procure sal seeds from 9 districts; tribals say it’s too late