Sammakka-Saralamma Jatara

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Recently, the union Minister for Tribal Affairs visited the Sammakka- Saralamma Maha Jatara, in Medaram, Mulugu district of Telangana.

About Sammakka-Saralamma Jatara 

  • It is also known as Medaram Jatara.
  • It is a tribal festival of honouring the goddesses celebrated in the state of Telangana, India.
  • The festival is a demonstration of tribal devotion and people from all walks of life join together to commemorate the revolt led by Sammakka and Saralamma, a mother-daughter duo, against imposing taxes on the tribal populace during a period of drought by the Kakatiya rulers in the 12th century.
  • Location: Medaram is a remote place in the Eturnagaram Wildlife Sanctuary, a part of Dandakaranya, the largest surviving forest belt in the Mulugu.
  • It is held every two years (biannually). It is celebrated during the time the goddesses of the tribals is believed to visit them.
  • Ritual: People offer bangaram/gold (jaggery) of a quantity equal to their weight to the goddesses and take holy bath in Jampanna Vagu, a tributary to River Godavari.
  • Significance: It serves as a platform for understanding and fostering harmony between the people and tribal communities, promoting the preservation of their unique traditions, culture, and heritage on a global scale.

Q1) What are the characteristics of Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups?

They are mostly homogenous, with a small population, relatively physically isolated, social institutes cast in a simple mold, absence of written language, relatively simple technology, and a slower rate of change etc.

Source: Union Tribal Affairs Minister Shri Arjun Munda visits country’s largest Tribal festival, the Sammakka-Saralamma Jatara at Medaram in Telangana