Santiniketan, the home of late Nobel laureate Rabindranath Tagore, has been added to the UNESCO World Heritage sites list.
- It is located in the state of West Bengal.
- It was established in 1901 by Rabindranath Tagore.
- It was a residential school and centre for art based on ancient Indian traditions.
- In 1921, a ‘world university’ was established at Santiniketan, later recognised as 'Visva Bharati'.
- Visva-Bharati in Santiniketan is Bengal’s only central university whose chancellor is the Prime Minister.
- It is distinct from the prevailing British colonial architectural orientations of the early 20th century and of European modernism.
- It represents approaches toward pan-Asian modernity, drawing on ancient, medieval and folk traditions from across the region.
Key facts about UNESCO World Heritage
- A World Heritage Site (WHS) is a landmark or area with legal protection by an international convention administered by the UNESCO under the UNESCO World Heritage Convention, established in 1972.
- These sites are designated by UNESCO for having cultural, historical, scientific or other forms of significance.
- Categorisation of Sites – The sites are categorised in three types:
- Cultural heritage sites – It includes historic buildings and town sites, important archaeological sites, and works of monumental sculpture or painting
- Natural heritage sites – It includes those natural areas that have excellent ecological and evolutionary processes, endangered species etc.
- Mixed heritage sites – It contains elements of both natural and cultural significance.
- India has 41 world heritage sites, including 33 cultural properties, 7 natural properties and 1 mixed site.
Q1) What is Heritage?
Heritage refers to the cultural, historical, and natural assets that are passed down from one generation to the next. It encompasses a wide range of tangible and intangible elements that are significant to a particular group of people, community, or society.