Satpura Tiger Reserve (STR)

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Satpura Tiger Reserve (STR) Blog Image

Overview:

An adult tiger was recently killed in Satpura Tiger Reserve, allegedly by poachers who carried away its head.

About Satpura Tiger Reserve (STR):

 

  • Location:
    • It is located in the Hoshangabad district of Madhya Pradesh.
    • It is located in the Satpura ranges of the Central Indian Landscape.
    • It lies south of the river Narmada.
  • Satpura, basically meaning "Seven Folds", forms a watershed between Narmada and Tapti Rivers.
  • Corridor: It has corridor connectivity with Pench National Park.
  • The habitat is also an important testimony to human evolution as it houses more than 50 rock shelters which are almost 1500 to 10,000 years old.
  • Geological formations include the Deccan trap series, Gondwanas and Metamorphic rocks.
  • Vegetation: Southern tropical moist deciduous forest, Southern tropical dry deciduous forest, Tropical riparian fringing forest, southern tropical thorn forest, central Indian sun tropical hill forest, Dry and moist grassland.
  • Flora:
    • It has a variety of flora typical of the Central Indian Highlands. These include teak, bamboo, Indian Ebony, various acacias, wild mango, Indian gooseberry, satinwood etc.
    • Twenty-six species of the Himalayan region and 42 species of Nilgiri areas are found. Hence STR is also known as the northern extremity of the Western Ghats.
  • Fauna: Tiger is the charismatic species along with other mammals like Gaur, Sambhar, Chital, besides co predators, birds, reptiles and fishes.

 


Q1) What is a Tiger Reserve?

A protected area statutorily designated for the conservation of the striped big cats is referred to as Tiger Reserve. However, a tiger reserve may also be a national park or wildlife sanctuary.

Source: Headless decomposed carcass of tiger found in Satpura reserve’s core area; MP officials confirm poaching