Satpura Tiger Reserve (STR)

1 min read
Satpura Tiger Reserve (STR) Blog Image


An adult tiger was recently killed in Satpura Tiger Reserve, allegedly by poachers who carried away its head.

About Satpura Tiger Reserve (STR):


  • Location:
    • It is located in the Hoshangabad district of Madhya Pradesh.
    • It is located in the Satpura ranges of the Central Indian Landscape.
    • It lies south of the river Narmada.
  • Satpura, basically meaning "Seven Folds", forms a watershed between Narmada and Tapti Rivers.
  • Corridor: It has corridor connectivity with Pench National Park.
  • The habitat is also an important testimony to human evolution as it houses more than 50 rock shelters which are almost 1500 to 10,000 years old.
  • Geological formations include the Deccan trap series, Gondwanas and Metamorphic rocks.
  • Vegetation: Southern tropical moist deciduous forest, Southern tropical dry deciduous forest, Tropical riparian fringing forest, southern tropical thorn forest, central Indian sun tropical hill forest, Dry and moist grassland.
  • Flora:
    • It has a variety of flora typical of the Central Indian Highlands. These include teak, bamboo, Indian Ebony, various acacias, wild mango, Indian gooseberry, satinwood etc.
    • Twenty-six species of the Himalayan region and 42 species of Nilgiri areas are found. Hence STR is also known as the northern extremity of the Western Ghats.
  • Fauna: Tiger is the charismatic species along with other mammals like Gaur, Sambhar, Chital, besides co predators, birds, reptiles and fishes.


Q1) What is a Tiger Reserve?

A protected area statutorily designated for the conservation of the striped big cats is referred to as Tiger Reserve. However, a tiger reserve may also be a national park or wildlife sanctuary.

Source: Headless decomposed carcass of tiger found in Satpura reserve’s core area; MP officials confirm poaching