Satyendra Nath Bose: Mathematician and Physicist

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Prelims: Science & Technology
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  • Satyendra Nath Bose was a Mathematician and physicist from India. Born on January 1, 1894, Bose collaborated with Einstein to develop what we now know as the Bose-Einstein statistics.
  • He was appointed to the position of Reader in Physics at the University of Dhaka. It was here that he made his most significant contributions to physics.
  • Bose designed equipment for setting up an X-ray crystallography laboratory at the university, and wrote several papers on a range of subjects, such as ‘D2 Statistics’, and ‘Total Reflection of Electromagnetic Waves in the Ionosphere’.
  • In 1945, he left Dhaka to return to his alma mater, the University of Calcutta, as the Khaira Professor of Physics. He retired from the University of Calcutta in 1956 and spent a year as the Vice Chancellor at the Viswa-Bharati University.
  • Bose was awarded Padma Vibhushan, one of the highest civilian awards in the country, by the Indian government in 1954.
  • He served as president of many scientific institutions, which include the Indian Physical Society, National Institute of Science, Indian Science Congress, and the Indian Statistical Institute.
  • He also acted as an advisor to the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, and later became a Fellow of the Royal Society.


Q1) What is an Electromagnetic Wave?

Electromagnetic waves are invisible forms of energy that travel through the universe. This visible part of the electromagnetic spectrum consists of the colours that we see in a rainbow.

Source: 129th birth anniversary of Satyendra Nath Bose: a look at the scientist’s contributions