Poor people and those with existing health problems are much more likely to die from sepsis, a recent study has found.
- Sepsis is a serious condition that happens when the body’s immune system has an extreme response to an infection. The body’s reaction causes damage to its own tissues and organs.
- Sepsis happens when an infection you already have triggers a chain reaction throughout your body.
- Infections that lead to sepsis most often start in the lung, urinary tract, skin, or gastrointestinal tract.
- It can affect anyone, but people who are older, very young, pregnant, or have other health problems are at higher risk.
- Common signs of sepsis include fever, fast heart rate, rapid breathing, confusion, and body pain.
- Severe cases of sepsis can lead to septic shock, where your blood pressure drops to a dangerous level and multiple organs can fail.
- Sepsis is usually caused by bacterial infections but may be the result of other infections such as viruses, parasites or fungi.
- Treatment for sepsis requires medical care. It will include antimicrobials, intravenous fluids and careful monitoring.
Q1) What is a Bacteria?
Bacteria are small single-celled organisms. Bacteria are found almost everywhere on Earth and are vital to the planet's ecosystems. Some species can live under extreme conditions of temperature and pressure. The human body is full of bacteria, and in fact is estimated to contain more bacterial cells than human cells. Most bacteria in the body are harmless, and some are even helpful. A relatively small number of species cause disease.