Key Facts about Shipra River

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Overview:

A performance audit conducted by the Comptroller and Auditor General of India (CAG) on the degradation of the Shipra River, threw up a host of significant findings.

About Shipra River

  • The Shipra, also known as the Kshipra, is a river in Madhya Pradesh state.
  • It is a perennial river and is considered as sacred as the Ganga River by the Hindus. 
  • Course:
    • Origin: It originates in the Vindhya Range from a hill called Kakri-Tekdi, which is in the north of Dhar and situated at a distance of 11km from Ujjain. 
    • This river is 195km long, out of which 93km flow through Ujjain.
    • It flows across the Malwa Plateau to join the Chambal River.
  • Religious Significance:
    • The Puranas, or ancient Hindu texts, put forward that the Shipra originated from the heart of Varaha, Lord Vishnu’s incarnation as a boar.
    • Also on the banks of the Shipra is Sage Sandipani’s ashram or hermitage, where Krishna, Lord Vishnu’s eighth incarnation, had studied.
    • It finds mention not only in ancient Hindu texts but also in Buddhist and Jain scriptures.
    • The holy city of Ujjain is located on the right bank of the Shipra River. The famous Kumbha Mela takes place in the ghats of this city, once every 12 years, a yearly celebration of the river goddess Kshipra.
  • Major Tributaries: Khan and Gambhir

Q1) Which are the major tributaries of the Chambal River?

The tributaries of the Chambal include KShipra, Choti Kalisindh, Sivanna, Retam, Ansar, Kalisindh, Banas, Parbati, Seep, Kuwari, Kuno, Alnia, Mej, Chakan, Parwati, Chamla, Gambhir, Lakhunder, Khan, Bangeri, Kedel and Teelar. 

Source: CAG alert on unacceptable pollution of Kshipra river in Madhya Pradesh