Similipal Tiger Reserve (STR)

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Similipal Tiger Reserve (STR) Blog Image


A rare melanistic tiger was found dead in the core area of Similipal Tiger Reserve (STR).

About Similipal Tiger Reserve (STR):

  • Location: STR is located within the Mayurbhanj District, in the Northernmost part of Odisha.
  • It is surrounded by high plateaus and hills, the highest peak being the twin peaks of Khairiburu and Meghashini (1515m above mean sea level).
  • The terrain is mostly undulating and hilly, interspersed with open grasslands and wooded areas.
  • Vegetation: It is a mix of different forest types and habitats, with Northern tropical moist deciduous dominating some semi-evergreen patches.
  • It was declared a 'Tiger Reserve' in the year 1956 and included under the national conservation programme 'Project Tiger' in 1973.
  • The STR, along with a 'transitional area' of 2250 sq. km, has been included as a part of the World Network of Biosphere Reserves by UNESCO in the year 2009.
  • It is the only landscape in the world that is home to melanistic tigers.
  • The region around STR is home to a variety of tribes, including Kolha, Santhala, Bhumija, Bhatudi, Gondas, Khadia, Mankadia and Sahara.
  • Flora:
    • An astounding 1078 species of plants, including 94 species of orchids, are found here.
    • Sal is the dominant tree species here
  • Fauna: Leopard, Gaur, Elephant, Langur, Barking and Spotted Deer, Sloth Bear Mongoose, Flying Squirrel, Porcupine, Turtle, Monitor Lizard, Python, Sambar, Pangolin etc.

What are Melanistic animals?

  • They are animals with an increased amount of the dark pigment melanin in their skin, hair and feathers, etc., giving them a dark appearance.
  • Melanism is a genetic mutation that occurs in many different types of animals, including mammals, reptiles and insects.


Q1) What is a Tiger Reserve?

A protected area statutorily designated for the conservation of the striped big cats is referred to as Tiger Reserve. However, a tiger reserve may also be a national park or wildlife sanctuary.

Source: Melanistic tiger dies in Similipal Tiger Reserve