Sultanpur National Park

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Overview:

According to forest department officials the Sultanpur National Park in Farrukhnagar, Gurugram has reported a decrease of 20-30 per cent in the number of migratory birds this season.

About Sultanpur National Park

  • Sultanpur National Park, formerly known as Sultanpur Bird Sanctuary, is located in the Gurgaon district in Haryana.
  • It comprises mainly wetlands. 
  • This national park is a major habitat for aquatic birds, including migratory and resident birds.
  • It was notified as a Ramsar site, a wetland of international importance, in 2021.
  • Vegetation: Tropical and dry deciduous. It also features seasonal aquatic vegetation and is dotted with artificial islands; the Park also includes open grasslands. 
  • Flora: Grasses, dhok, khair, tendu, ber, jamun, banyan tree and neem etc.
  • Fauna:
    • It is a very important wintering ground for waterfowl.
    • Some of the resident and migratory species of birds found in the area are the Common hoopoe, Purple sunbird, Black francolin, Little cormorant, Indian Cormorant, Siberian Crane, Greater Flamingo, Common Teal, Common Greenshank, Ruff, etc.

Q1) What is Ramsar site?

It is a wetland site designated to be of international importance under the Ramsar Convention also known as "The Convention on Wetlands", an international environmental treaty signed on 2 February 1971 in Ramsar, Iran,

Source: Fewer migratory birds in Gurugram’s Sultanpur National Park this season