Sohrai Painting

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Remote Bengal village began their New Year with workshop on ancient indigenous art i.e Sohrai Painting.

About Sohrai Painting

  • It is an indigenous mural art form.
  • It is also interesting to note that the word ‘Sohrai’ comes from soro – translating to ‘to drive with a stick’.
  • This art form dates back to the Meso-chalcolithic period (9000-5000 BC).
  • The Isko rock shelter excavated in Barkagaon, Hazaribagh area also has rock paintings that are exactly similar to the traditional Sohrai paintings.
  • Theme: It is usually based on natural elements of the universe, this includes forests, rivers, animals amongst others.
  • These ancient paintings are made by tribal (Adivasi) women with the use of natural substances like charcoal, clay, or soil.
  • The very primitive form of Sohrai art was in the form of cave paintings. 
  • It is practiced by indigenous communities, particularly in the States of Jharkhand, Bihar, Odisha, and West Bengal.
  • The region of Hazaribagh in Jharkhand that has received the GI tag for this art form. 
  • It is the art of the women of the Kurmi, Santal, Munda, Oraon, Agaria, Ghatwal tribes.
  • Sohrai paintings are distinctive for their vibrant colours, intricate patterns, and symbolic motifs;
  • There is a Sohrai festival held every year, marking the harvesting season and the arrival of winter.

Q1) What is a mural in art?

A mural is an ancient form of artwork that consists of painting directly onto a wall or ceiling surface. The term mural can apply to paintings on fired tiles but usually does not include mosaic decorations unless the mosaic is part of the overall scheme of the image.

Source: Remote Bengal village to begin New Year with workshop on ancient indigenous art