Key Facts about Egypt:
- Location: Egypt is a transcontinental country situated in northeastern Africa and the Sinai Peninsula in Western Asia (Middle East).
- Capital: Cairo
- The country borders the Mediterranean Sea to the north and the Gulf of Suez and the Red Sea to the east.
- It is bordered by Libya in the west, the Palestinian territory (Gaza Strip) and Israel in the northeast, and Sudan in the south.
- It shares maritime borders with Cyprus, Turkey and Greece in the Mediterranean Sea, and with Jordan and Saudi Arabia in the Red Sea.
- Independence: Modern Egypt became independent in 1922.
- Population: With 102.2 million inhabitants (2021), Egypt is the most populous country in the Arab world.
- Language: Spoken language is Modern Standard Arabic; the colloquial language is the Egyptian-Arabic dialect (Masri).
- Islam is the dominant religion in Egypt with an estimated 85-90% of the population is Sunni Muslim.
- Major rivers: The famous River Nile is the only river that flows in Egypt throughout the year. Around 98% of the country's population resides in the Nile River Valley.
- It is a 193.30 km (120 miles)-long artificial sea-level waterway located in Egypt.
- It connects the Mediterranean Sea with the Gulf of Suez, a northern branch of the Red Sea.
- It provides the shortest maritime route between Europe and the lands lying around the Indian and western Pacific oceans.
- It is one of the world’s most heavily used shipping lanes.
What is Exercise Cyclone-I?
- It is the first ever joint exercise between the special forces of the Indian Army and the Egyptian Army.
- Location: Jaisalmer in Rajasthan.
Q1) Where is Sinai Peninsula?
Sinai peninsula is situated between the two northern gulfs of the Red Sea, the Gulf of Eilat on the east and the Gulf of Suez on the west. The Sinai is the sovereign territory of Egypt.