Sri Aurobindo Ghosh

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Prime Minister Narendra Modi will participate in a programme commemorating Sri Aurobindo’s 150th birth anniversary on December 13, 2022. During the Programme PM will release a commemorative coin and postal stamp in honour of Sri Aurobindo.

About Sri Aurobindo Ghosh:

Early Life & Career:

  • Born to surgeon Krishna Dhan Ghose and Swarnalata Devi in Calcutta on August 15, 1872.
  • He passed the Indian Civil Service Examination in 1890 but failed in the horsemanship test due to which he could not enter the service.
  • In 1893, he accepted an appointment in the Baroda state service.
  • He worked for 13 years and rose to the post of principal of the Baroda State College.
  • Later, he left his job at Baroda to join the Bengal National College.

Revolutionary Streak:

  • He became a leading figure in the freedom movement and used to write fearless articles for the English newspaper Bande Mataram.
  • He also contributed articles to the Bengali weekly Yugantar.
  • Later, he started the weekly English journal titled Dharma, in which he tried to convey the message of Swaraj or freedom from British rule.
  • He was one of the founders of the youth club Anushilan Samiti which protested against the atrocities of the British government.
  • He was one of the leading protesters against the 1905 Partition of Bengal and called on the citizens to boycott British institutions and goods.
  • He took part in the 1906 session of the Indian National Congress and was a member of the team which set four objectives-Swadeshi, Swaraj, education and boycott.

Alipore Bomb Case

  • Aurobindo, a revolutionary and a militant nationalist, was charged in the Alipore Bomb Case (1906-1910) and was sentenced to jail.
  • He spent one year in solitary confinement at the Alipore Central Jail in Calcutta.
  • Deshbandhu Chittaranjan Das fought his case and Ghosh was released.

Spiritualism at Puducherry:

  • He decided to give up active politics after his stint in jail and devoted himself to spiritualism.
  • In 1910, he left British India and found refuge in the French colony of Pondichéry (now called 'Puducherry') in southeastern India.
  • He founded a community of spiritual seekers, which took shape as the Sri Aurobindo Ashram in 1926.
  • He devoted himself for the rest of his life to the development of his “integral” yoga.
  • The main objective of his teachings was to increase the level of consciousness of people and to aware people of their true selves.


  • Aurobindo’s voluminous literary work comprises philosophical speculation, many treatises on yoga and integral yoga, poetry, plays, and other writings.

His major works include:

  • Essays on the Gita (1922),
  • The Life Divine (1939)
  • Collected Poems and Plays (1942),
  • The Synthesis of Yoga (1948),
  • The Human Cycle (1949),
  • The Ideal of Human Unity (1949),
  • Savitri: A Legend and a Symbol (1950),
  • On the Veda (1956).


Q1) What is Integral Yoga?

Integral Yoga is a flexible combination of specific methods designed to develop every aspect of the individual: physical, emotional, intellectual, and spiritual. It is a scientific system that integrates the various branches of Yoga to bring about a complete and harmonious development of the individual.

Source: All India Radio