State Disaster Response Fund

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Overview:

Recently, the Home Minister approved the release of Rs. 6,194 crore state disaster relief funds to 19 States.

Why in News?

 

  • The amount includes Rs.1,209.60 crore as Central share of the State Disaster Response Fund (SDRF) to four States (Chhattisgarh, Meghalaya, Telangana, Uttar Pradesh) for year 2022-23 and Rs.4,984.80 crore to 15 States (Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Bihar etc.)
  • The release of funds will help States undertake relief measures during the current Monsoon season.

 

State Disaster Response Fund:

  • The State Disaster Response Fund (SDRF), constituted under Section 48 (1) (a) of the Disaster Management Act, 2005.
  • It is the primary fund available with State Governments for responses to notified disasters.
  • Contribution:
    • The Central Government contributes 75% of SDRF allocation for general category States/UTs and 90% for special category States/UTs (NE States, Sikkim, Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir). 
  • Disaster (s) covered under SDRF: Cyclone, drought, earthquake, fire, flood, tsunami, hailstorm, landslide, avalanche, cloudburst, pest attack, frost and cold waves.
  • Local Disaster: A State Government may use up to 10 percent of the funds available under the SDRF for providing immediate relief to the victims of natural disasters that they consider to be ‘disasters’ within the local context in the State and which are not included in the notified list of disasters of the Ministry of Home Affairs.
  • Based on the 15th Finance Commission recommendations, the Central Government has allocated over one lakh 28 thousand crore rupees for SDRF for the years 2021-22 to 2025-26.

 


Q1) What is Cyclone?

A cyclone is a weather phenomenon characterized by a large-scale system of low-pressure air circulation that rotates counterclockwise in the Northern Hemisphere (clockwise in the Southern Hemisphere). Cyclones can range in size from a few kilometers to hundreds of kilometers in diameter.

Source: HM Amit Shah approves release of over six thousand 194 crore rupees to 19 State governments under State Disaster Response Fund