Recently, discoveries of the 40-inch telescope at the Vainu Bappu Observatory were highlighted at its 50-year celebration.
About Vainu Bappu Observatory:
- Vainu Bappu Observatory is considered one of the most renowned observatories in India it is Located on Javadi Hills at Kavalur, Tamilnadu
- The 40-inch telescope was installed in 1972 and started producing important astronomical discoveries soon after. More than a generation of astronomers were trained at this telescope as well.
- The telescope in the observatory is under the Indian Institute of Astrophysics (IIA), an institute of the Department of Science and Technology (DST)
Who is Vainu Bappu?
- He was an Indian astronomer who helped to establish several astronomical institutions in India including the Vainu Bappu Observatory which is named after him.
- He has played a significant role in astronomy with major discoveries like the presence of rings around the planet Uranus, a new satellite of Uranus, and the presence of an atmosphere around Ganymede which is a satellite of Jupiter.
Other Observatories in India:
- Solar Observatory in Kodaikanal, Tamil Nadu
- Indian Astronomical Observatory in Hanle, Ladakh
- Udaipur Solar Observatory in Udaipur, Rajasthan
- Gauribidanur Radio Observatory in Bangalore, Karnataka.
Q1) Which is the largest telescope in India?
The 3.6m Devasthal Optical Telescope is a custom-built instrument of great complexity which has the distinction of being the largest telescope in India for study of celestial objects at optical wavelengths. It is a national facility installed at Devasthal in the district of Nainital, India.