Suhelwa Wildlife Sanctuary

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Overview:

In the recently released report on the tiger census in the country, it is said that Suhelwa Wildlife Sanctuary is a new area where photographic evidence of tigers has been recorded for the first time.

About Suhelwa Wildlife Sanctuary:

  • It is located in the state of Uttar Pradesh.
  • It is one of the important places in the Bhabar-Tarai Eco-System area which is rich in biodiversity.
  • The Sohelwa Wild Life Division is situated on the Indo-Nepal International Border.
  • Flora: The main tree species are Sal, Asna, Khair, Teak etc. The Sanctuary area is very rich in medicinal plants. Some species of medicinal plants are white Musuli, Black Musuli, Piper longum, and Adhatoda vasica etc found here.
  • Fauna: Different types of mammals are found here viz. Leopard, Bear, Wolf, Hyena, Jackal, Wild Boar, Sambhar, Spotted Deer etc.

What is the Bhabar region?

  • The Bhabar region is a narrow strip of land located in the Northern Plains of India.
  • As the rivers originating from the mountains flow down, they deposit pebbles in this region.
  • It runs parallel to the slopes of the Shiwaliks and has a width of around 8 to 16 kilometres.

What is Terai Region?

  • It is South of the Bhabar region where the streams and rivers re-emerge and create a wet, swampy and marshy region known as terai.

 


Q1) Where is Shivalik range is situated?

The Shivalik range, also known as the Shivalik Hills is a mountain range in northern India It is a southernmost and outermost range of the Himalayas and stretches over a distance of about 2,400 km. It is characterized by low hills, ridges, and valleys with elevations ranging from 600 to 1,200 meters above sea level.

Source: UP's Suhelwa sanctuary records first photographic proof of tiger.