Sukhna Wildlife Sanctuary

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Overview:

The recent judgment of the Supreme Court modifying its June 2022 order related to the eco-sensitive zone (ESZ) will help the Haryana and Punjab Forest departments, which are firm to declare only 100 metres as ESZ of the Sukhna Wildlife Sanctuary.

Why in the news?

  • The Union Territory of Chandigarh Forest and Wildlife Department has declared its 2.0 to 2.75 km area as ESZ of the sanctuary, it expects a similar area of ESZ from Haryana and Punjab.
  • Although the two states have only agreed to declare merely 100 metres of their area as ESZ, their proposals are pending before the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEFCC).
  • Supreme Court ruled that each national park and wildlife sanctuary must have an eco-sensitive zone (ESZ) of a minimum of 1 km, measured from the demarcated boundary of such protected forest.

About Sukhna wildlife sanctuary

  • It is located in the Chandigarh Union Territory.
  • It forms the part of Sukhna Lake catchment area falling in Shivalik hills.
  • Fauna: Sambar deer, Barking deer, and wild boar, as well as several species of birds, reptiles, and amphibians.
  • Flora: The sanctuary is characterized by a mix of forests, grasslands, and wetlands, with the Sukhna Lake forming an important part of the ecosystem.

Key Facts about Shivalik Hills

  • It is also called Siwalik Range or Outer Himalayas.
  • It extends for more than 1,000 miles (1,600 km).
  • It has an average elevation of 3,000 to 4,000 feet (900 to 1,200 metres).
  • It rises abruptly from the plain of the Indus and Ganges (Ganga) rivers (south) and parallels the main range of the Himalayas (north), from which it is separated by valleys.

 


Q1) What is an eco-sensitive zone?

An eco-sensitive zone (ESZ) is an area that is identified and demarcated around protected areas such as national parks, wildlife sanctuaries, and biosphere reserves, to minimize the impact of developmental activities on the ecosystem.

Source: Supreme Court order will help Punjab, Haryana on their stand of 100 m ESZ of Sukhna sanctuary’