Sultanpur National Park

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The G20 delegates recently visited the Sultanpur National Park, which is one of the 75 Ramsar sites in the country.

About Sultanpur National Park:

  • Sultanpur National Park, formerly known as Sultanpur Bird Sanctuary, is located in the Gurgaon district in Haryana.
  • It is spread over 1.42 sq km, comprising mainly wetlands. 
  • This national park is a major habitat for aquatic birds, including migratory and resident birds.
  • It was notified as a Ramsar site, a wetland of international importance, in 2021.
  • VegetationTropical and dry deciduous.
  • Flora: Grasses, dhok, khair, tendu, ber, jamun, banyan tree, neem, berberis, Acacia nilotica and Acacia tortilis.
  • Fauna:
    • More than 320 species of birds have been recorded from the Park.
    • This is a very important wintering ground for waterfowl.
    • Some of the resident and migratory species of birds found in the area are the Common hoopoe, Purple sunbird, Black francolin, Little cormorant, Indian Cormorant, Siberian Crane, Greater Flamingo, Common Teal, Common Greenshank, Ruff, etc.
    • Other Key Fauna: There is no large wild mammal of conservation concern in this Park. Nilgai antelope (Boselaphus tragocamelus) is the major wild ungulate in this park.


Q1) What is a Ramsar site?

A Ramsar Site is a wetland site designated to be of international importance. These wetlands are protected under strict guidelines of the Ramsar Convention on Wetlands. The Ramsar Convention on Wetlands, also known as the Convention on Wetlands, is an intergovernmental treaty for the conservation and wise use of wetlands.

Source: G20 delegates enjoy day out with birdwatching, pottery at Sultanpur National Park