July 4 is the death anniversary of Swami Vivekananda, recognised as one of the greatest spiritual leaders.
About Swami Vivekananda:
- Swami Vivekananda (1863 – 1902), born Narendranath Datta,was a Hindu monk and one of the most celebrated spiritual leaders of India.
- He was the foremost disciple of Sri Ramakrishna Paramhamsa and a world spokesperson for Vedanta.
- He was hailed as a Dhyana Sidha, a meditation expert, by his guru Ramakrishna Paramhamsa.
- He attempted to combine Indian spirituality with Western material progress, maintaining that the two supplemented and complemented one another.
- He believed that the path to self-purification is through helping others. He encouraged people to engage in selfless service and to work towards the betterment of society.
- Through his teachings on the four yogas, the harmony of religions, divinity of the soul, and serving humanity as God, Vivekananda gave spiritual aspirants paths to that realization.
- Vivekananda represented Hinduism at the 1893 World’s Parliament of Religions convened during the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago.
- After his first visit to the West, Swami Vivekananda went back to India and founded the Ramakrishna Order at Belur outside of Kolkata in 1897.
- The Ramakrishna Order, with headquarters in Kolkata, is one of the largest and most respected religious orders in India today.
- The Order was inspired by the great Bengali saint, Sri Ramakrishna.
- Shortly before his death in 1886, Ramakrishna encouraged his young disciples to formally renounce the world by giving them the ochre cloth of renunciation.
- He entrusted the care of these young men to his foremost disciple, Swami Vivekananda, who later, in 1897, founded the Ramakrishna Order.
- The Ramakrishna Order was formed along two parallel lines: The Ramakrishna Math, which is primarily dedicated to spiritual development, and the Ramakrishna Mission, which is dedicated to social service.
Q1) What is Vedanta philosophy?
Vedanta is a school of philosophy within Hinduism dealing with the nature of reality, one of the six orthodox systems (darshans) of Indian philosophy and the one that forms the basis of most modern schools of Hinduism. The word Vedanta is a compound of veda, "knowledge;" and anta, "end, conclusion;" translating to "the culmination of the Vedas." It applies to the Upanishads, which were commentaries on the Vedas, the earliest sacred literature of India, and to the school arising from the “study” (mimamsa) of the Upanishads."