What is Syphilis?

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What is Syphilis? Blog Image


A cluster of cases of ocular syphilis has been recently reported in Michigan, US.

About Syphilis

  • It is a sexually transmitted infection (STI).
  • It is caused by the bacteria, Treponema pallidum.
  • After the infection happens, syphilis bacteria can stay in the body for many years without causing symptoms. But the infection can become active again.
  • Transmission:
    • Syphilis spreads from person to person through direct contact with these sores.
    • It can also be passed to a baby during pregnancy, childbirth, and sometimes through breastfeeding.
  • · Symptoms:
    • Syphilis develops in stages. The symptoms vary with each stage and is often painless.
    • During the first stage, one or more sores develop on the genitals, rectum, or mouth, and are often painless.
    • During the second stage, people may get a rash and experience flu-like symptoms, such as fatigue, fever, a sore throat, and muscles aches.
    • After the second stage, the symptoms of syphilis are hidden (latent stage).
    • Without treatment, syphilis can damage the heart, brain, or other organs. It can become life-threatening.
  • Treatment: Syphilis is curable with quick diagnosis and treatment. It is curable with the right antibiotics.

Q1) What are Antibiotics?

Antibiotics are medicines that fight bacterial infections in people and animals. They work by killing the bacteria or by making it hard for the bacteria to grow and multiply.

Source: You can get syphilis of the eye too. It can damage organs, US ophthalmologist says