Tawang Monastery recently expressed its discontent over China renaming different places in Arunachal Pradesh.
About Tawang Monastery:
- It is located in the Tawang district in Arunachal Pradesh.
- It is situated on a mountain in the town of Tawang at an altitude of over 3000 m.
- It is the largest monastery in India and the second largest in the world after the Potala Palace in Lhasa, Tibet.
- It is known in Tibetan as GaldenNamgeyLhatse, which translates to "celestial paradise in a clear night."
- It was founded by Merak Lama LodreGyatso in 1680-1681 in accordance with the wishes of the 5th Dalai Lama, NgawangLobsangGyatso.
- It belongs to the Gelug school of Mahayana Buddhism.
- The monastery is three stories high and is enclosed by a 282 m-long compound wall.
- The 8 m high gilded statue of Lord Buddha dominates the sanctum.
- It has a residential building for the monks, a library, a museum and a school for basic education.
- The monastery has many ancient scriptures, including the Kangyur, a collection of the teachings of the Buddha, and the Tengyur, a collection of commentaries on the teachings of the Buddha.
Gelug school of Mahayana Buddhism:
- The Gelug or Gelug-pa, also known as the Yellow Hat sect, is the newest of the four major schools of Tibetan Buddhism.
- It was founded by Je Tsongkhapa (1357–1419), a Tibetan philosopher, tantric yogi and lama, and further expanded and developed by his disciples
- It emerged as the pre-eminent Buddhist school in Tibet since the end of the 16th century.
- The Dalai Lamas are often mostly associated with this school.
- The Ganden Tripa ("Ganden Throne Holder") is the official head of the school, though its most influential figure is the Dalai Lama.
- Gelug school placed special emphasis on monastic training and study, as well as practice.
Q1) What is Mahayana Buddhism?
Mahayana Buddhism is the largest Buddhist sect in the world, and its beliefs and practices are what most non-adherents recognize as "Buddhism" in the modern era. It developed as a school of thought sometime after 383 BCE, possibly from the earlier school known as Mahasanghika, though that claim has been challenged.