Key Facts about Teesta River


12:51 PM

1 min read
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West Bengal’s Kalimpong is facing widespread devastation due to heavy rains that caused flooding in the Teesta River.

About Teesta River:

  • It is a tributary of the Jamuna River (Brahmaputra River), flowing through India and Bangladesh.
  • Origin:
    • It originates as Chhombo Chhu from a glacial lake Khangchung Chho at an elevation of 5,280 m in the northeastern corner of the state.
    • Teesta Khangse glacier and Chho Lhamo are also considered as the source of Teesta River by many authors.
  • The total length of river is 309 km (192 mi). It drains an area of 12540 km2.
  • Course:
    • It flows to the south, cutting a deep gorge through the Siwalik Hills east of Darjiling (West Bengal) and turns southeast to run through the Sivok Khola pass onto the plains of West Bengal.
    • The river continued southward to empty directly into the upper Padma River (Ganga River).
    • About 1787, however, the river changed its course to flow eastward, crossing the Rangpur region of Bangladesh to join the Jamuna River near Chilmari after a total course of about 200 miles (320 km).
  • The major tributaries of Teesta river:
    • Left-bank Tributaries: Lachung Chhu, Chakung Chhu, Dik Chhu, Rani Khola, Rangpo Chhu.
    • Right-bank Tributaries - Zemu Chhu, Rangyong Chhu, Rangit River.

Q1: What is the Gulf of Cambay?

The Gulf of Khambhat (also known as the Gulf of Cambay) is an inlet of the Arabian Sea along the west coast of India, in the state of Gujarat. It divides the Kathiawar Peninsula from the south-eastern part of Gujarat.

Source: Water levels surge in Teesta river even as heavy rainfalls flood parts of north Bengal