The International Police Organisation (Interpol)

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The International Police Organisation (Interpol) Blog Image

Overview:

Recently, the Interpol has withdrawn the Red Corner Notice (RCN) issued against Mehul Choksi.

About Interpol:

  • Mandate: It is an international organization facilitating international police cooperation against cross-border terrorism, trafficking, and other crime.
  • Governance: All decisions regarding the activities of INTERPOL are made by the General Assembly which is its supreme governing body which meets annually.
  • Status: It is ‘NOT’ a unit or part of a united nation system. It is an independent international organization.
  • National Central Bureau (NCB):
    • It has a National Central Bureau (NCB) in each member country, which is the central point of contact for both the general secretariat and the other NCBs around the world.
    • Each NCB is run by police officials of that country and usually sits in the government ministry responsible for policing. (Union Home Ministry in India.)
    • Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) represents Interpol in India as the country's national central bureau.

What are the types of Notices issued by Interpol?

  • It issues 8 types of notices (7 of which are colour-coded) which are in the form of alerts/requests allowing police in member countries to share critical crime-related information.
    • Red Notice: To seek the location and arrest of a person wanted by a judicial jurisdiction or an international tribunal with a view to his/her extradition. It is the "closest instrument to an international arrest warrant”.
    • Blue Notice: To locate, identify or obtain information on a person of interest in a criminal investigation.
    • Green Notice: To warn about a person's criminal activities if that person is considered to be a possible threat to public safety.
    • Yellow Notice: To locate a missing person or to identify a person unable to identify himself/herself.
    • Black Notice: To seek information on unidentified bodies.
    • Orange Notice: To warn of an event, a person, an object or a process representing an imminent threat and danger to persons or property.
    • Purple Notice: To provide information on modus operandi, procedures, objects, devices or hiding places used by criminals.
    • Interpol-UNSC Special Notice: To inform Interpol's members that an individual or an entity is subject to UN sanctions.

 


Q1) What is the function of the CBI?

The primary function of the CBI is to investigate serious and complex crimes such as corruption, economic offenses, major frauds, and high-profile cases. The CBI collaborates with law enforcement agencies in other countries to investigate crimes that have transnational implication.

Source: Setback for CBI, Interpol drops notice against Mehul Choksi