The Interpol has recently rejected India’s request to issue a Red Corner Notice against Gurpatwant Singh Pannun.
- Mandate: It is an international organization facilitating international police cooperation against cross-border terrorism, trafficking, and other crime.
- Governance: All decisions regarding the activities of INTERPOL are made by the General Assembly which is it’s supreme governing body which meets annually.
- Status: It is ‘NOT’ a unit or part of united nation system. It is an independent international organization.
- National Central Bureau (NCB):
- It has a National Central Bureau (NCB) in each member country, which is the central point of contact for both the general secretariat and the other NCBs around the world.
- Each NCB is run by police officials of that country, and usually sits in the government ministry responsible for policing. (Union Home Ministry in India.)
- Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) represents Interpol in India as the country's national central bureau.
- HQ: Lyon in France.
- Founded in: 1923.
Types of Notices:
- It issues 8 type of notices (7 of which are colour-coded) which are in the form of alert/requests allowing police in member countries to share critical crime-related information.
- Red Notice
- To seek the location and arrest of a person wanted by a judicial jurisdiction or an international tribunal with a view to his/her extradition.
- It is the "closest instrument to an international arrest warrant”.
- Blue Notice
- To locate, identify or obtain information on a person of interest in a criminal investigation.
- Green Notice
- To warn about a person's criminal activities if that person is considered to be a possible threat to public safety.
- Yellow Notice
- To locate a missing person or to identify a person unable to identify himself/herself.
- Black Notice
- To seek information on unidentified bodies.
- Orange Notice
- To warn of an event, a person, an object or a process representing an imminent threat and danger to persons or property.
- Purple Notice
- To provide information on modus operandi, procedures, objects, devices or hiding places used by criminals.
- Interpol-UNSC Special Notice
- To inform Interpol's members that an individual or an entity is subject to UN sanctions.
Source : Indian Express