UN Commission on Population and Development

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Overview:

In the 56th session of the UN's Commission on Population and Development, held at New York, the deputy Secretary-General warned that the goal of achieving quality education for all by 2030 is "seriously off track".

Key Points:

  • Currently around 263 million children and young people are out of school in the world. 
  • Nearly 70 % of children in poorer countries cannot understand a basic text by age 10, mainly due to chronic factors such as poverty and malnutrition. 
  • The situation of women and girls in Afghanistan is severe where they have been banned from high school and university.
  • Comprehensive sexuality education (CSE) empowers girls to avoid unintended pregnancies and encourages both genders to stay in school, among other benefits.
  • Most of countries are facing “a triple crisis in education – one of equity and inclusion, quality and relevance, to equip current and future generations with the skills they need to thrive in a fast-changing world.” 

About Commission on Population and Development (CPD):

  • A Population Commission was established by the Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) in 1946, which was renamed as the Commission on Population and Development by the General Assembly in 1994.
  • The Commission is composed of 47 Member countries.
  • Member countries are elected by the Economic and Social Council for a period of four years on the basis of geographic distribution.
  • Commission was constituted as three-tiered intergovernmental mechanism that plays the primary role in the follow-up to the implementation of the programme of Action.
  • The meetings of commission was held typically every two or three years until 1994, after which it has been held once a year.

 


Q1) What is the UN Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC)?

The Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) is one of the 6 principal organs of the United Nations System established by the UN Charter in 1945. It consists of 54 Members of the United Nations elected by the General Assembly. ECOSOC coordinates economic, social, and related work of the fourteen United Nations specialized agencies.

Source: UN Commission's goal of achieving quality education for all is 'seriously off track'