United Nations Convention against Transnational Organised Crime

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Overview:

Recently, the union Minister of State for Home Affairs participated in the two-day UN Convention against Transnational Organised Crime Ministerial Conference at Palermo in Italy.

About United Nations Convention against Transnational Organised Crime: 

  • It is a multinational treaty against transnational organized crime that was established by the United Nations in 2000. 
  • It is often known as the Palermo Convention.
  • The UNTOC has a total of 147 signatories and 190 parties to the convention. 
  • The Convention is further supplemented by three Protocols
    • The Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children;
    • The Protocol against the Smuggling of Migrants by Land, Sea and Air; and
    • The Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, their Parts and Components and Ammunition. 
  • India signed the UN Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (UNTOC) and its three Protocols on December 12, 2002. 
  • The Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) is the nodal agency for all dealings with UNTOC.

 


Q1) What is the Central Bureau of Investigation?

The Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) is the premier investigative agency in India. It is responsible for conducting investigations into various types of crimes, including corruption, economic offenses, cybercrime, terrorism, and cases of national importance. It was established on April 1, 1963, by a resolution of the Ministry of Home Affairs. It operates under the Delhi Special Police Establishment Act, 1946.

Source: India expresses commitment towards combating organised crimes at UNTOC