India recently rejected a report by the U.S. Commission on International Religious Freedom (USCIRF) that alleged "severe violations" of religious freedom in the country.
About U.S. Commission on International Religious Freedom (USCIRF):
- It is an independent, bipartisan federal government entity created by the 1998 International Religious Freedom Act (IRFA).
- Reviews the facts and circumstances of violations of religious freedom internationally;
- Make policy recommendations to the President, the Secretary of State, and the Congress;
- It uses international standards to monitor religious freedom violations globally.
- It is required to issue its own annual report setting forth its independent recommendations for U.S. policy
- Composition: USCIRF has nine commissioners, appointed by either the President or Congressional leaders of each political party, supported by a non-partisan professional staff.
Q1) What is the International Religious Freedom Act of 1998?
It is a US Act enacted to elevate religious freedom as a higher priority in U.S. foreign policy. IRFA provides that U.S. policy includes condemning violations of religious freedom and assisting other governments in the promotion of this right. IRFA created a range of government tools to implement this policy.