Recently, Phase Il of the Varuna naval exercise between the Indian and French Navy was conducted in the Arabian Sea.
About NAVAL EXERCISE VARUNA:
- It is the bilateral Naval Exercise between India and France.
- This bilateral exercise between the two navies was initiated in 1993.
- It was named ‘VARUNA’ in 2001 and has become a hallmark of India France strategic bilateral relationship.
- The exercise witnessed participation of guided missile frigates, tanker, Maritime Patrol Aircraft and integral helicopters from the two sides.
- The exercise was conducted over three days and witnessed joint operations, underway replenishment and various tactical manoeuvres.
- Units of both navies endeavoured to enhance and hone their war fighting skills, improve interoperability and demonstrate their ability to promote peace, security and stability in the region.
- The first phase of 'Varuna-2023' was conducted off India's Western Seaboard from 16 to 20 Jan 23.
- The exercise also facilitates operational level interaction between the two Navies to foster mutual cooperation for good order at sea, underscoring the shared commitment to ensuring security, safety and freedom of the global maritime commons.
Q1) What are frigates?
These are a class of warships designed primarily for anti-submarine warfare and anti-surface warfare, but they also have the capability to engage in a variety of other naval operations. These warships are smaller and less heavily armed than destroyers and cruisers, making them versatile and cost-effective options for naval forces around the world.