Recently, the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention issued a national health alert to warn doctors and clinicians to be on the lookout for people infected with the flesh-eating bacteria Vibrio vulnificus.
About Vibrio vulnificus
- It is a type of bacteria that can cause a fatal infection.
- This infection can happen when a wound comes into contact with raw or undercooked seafood, its juices, or its drippings or with saltwater.
- It eats away at the skin, muscles, nerves, fat and blood vessels around an infected wound.
- In severe cases, it can lead to septicemia, which is when the bacteria enter the bloodstream.
- It results in a septic shock, where blood pressure drops dangerously.
- Signs and symptoms include:
- Watery diarrhea, often accompanied by stomach cramping, nausea, vomiting, and fever.
- For bloodstream infection: fever, chills, dangerously low blood pressure, and blistering skin lesions
- For wound infection: Fever, redness, pain, swelling, warmth, discoloration, and discharge (leaking fluids).
- The only method available to avoid getting infected with the bacteria is to avoid coming in contact with it.
- It is advised to make sure any seafood you consume is well-cooked, avoid raw or undercooked oysters and clean your hands after handling any kind of seafood.
Q1) What is sepsis?
It is a serious medical condition characterized by a widespread infection throughout the body. It occurs when harmful bacteria or other pathogens enter the bloodstream and trigger a systemic response from the body's immune system. Septicemia can lead to a life-threatening condition if not promptly treated.