Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary

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Recently, a female leopard died in a suspected road kill in the Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary (WWS).

About Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary:

  • Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary is located in Kerala and is an integral part of the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve.
  • This Sanctuary is contiguous to the tiger reserves of Nagarhole and Bandipur of Karnataka and Madhumalai of Tamil Nadu.
  • Kabini river which is a tributary of the Kaveri River flows through the sanctuary.
  • Flora: It includes moist deciduous forests, West coast semi-evergreen forests and plantations of teak, eucalyptus and Grewelia.
  • Fauna: Elephant, Gaur, Tiger, Panther, Sambar, Spotted deer, Barking deer, Wild boar, Sloth bear, Nilgiri langur etc.

Key facts about the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve

  • It harbours a wide spectrum of ecosystem types such as tropical evergreen forests, Montane sholas and grasslands, semi-evergreen forests, moist deciduous forests, dry deciduous forests and thorn forests. 
  • The major part of the core areas spread over Kerala and Tamil Nadu States.
  • Tribal Population: Tribal groups like the Todas, Kotas, Irullas, Kurumbas, Paniyas, Adiyans, Edanadan Chettis, Cholanaickens, Allar, Malayan, etc., are native to the reserve.
  • Protected Areas within the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve are:
    • The Mudumalai Wildlife Sanctuary, Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary, Bandipur National Park, Nagarhole National Park, Mukurthi National Park and Silent Valley.


Q1) Who are Toda Tribes?

The Todas are one of the most well-known tribal peoples of Southern India. They live in communities in the Nilgiri Hills, their lives revolving around the local grasslands called 'sholas' and the herds of buffalo which they tend there.
Source: Female leopard dies in suspected road kill in Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary