What are Meghalaya stoles and Nagaland shawls?

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What are Meghalaya stoles and Nagaland shawls? Blog Image


Prime Minister recently gifted Meghalaya Stole and Nagaland Shawl to the German Chancellor, who is on a two-day visit to India.

About Meghalaya stoles:

  • Meghalaya stoles were originally woven for the Khasi and Jaintia royalty, who considered them a symbol of their power and status.
  • The stoles were worn during ceremonial occasions and festivals.
  • They are made using locally sourced wool, and natural dyes.
  • These stoles are famous for their warmth and softness.
  • The designs used in the stoles reflected the royal family's beliefs, myths, and legends, and were a testament to their cultural heritage.
  • They were used as a form of diplomatic gift-giving. The Khasi and Jaintia kings would often present these stoles to other rulers as a symbol of goodwill and respect.

About Nagaland shawls:

  • These shawls are known for their vibrant colors, intricate designs, and the use of traditional weaving techniques, which have been passed down from generation to generation.
  • One of the most striking features of the Naga shawl is the use of geometric and symbolic designs. 
  • The designs are inspired by the tribe's myths, legends, and beliefs, with designs having specific meanings and significance.
  • The Naga shawl is made from locally sourced materials such as cotton, silk, and wool
  • The colors used in these shawls are symbolic. E.g., Red color symbolizes courage, while black represents mourning.
  • The colors use natural dyes made from plants and roots.
  • The shawls are often worn during festivals, ceremonies, and other special occasions as symbols of rank and lineage. They are also used as blankets, seat coverings, and even as bags.
  • The shawls are known for their durability and can last for several generations.



Q1) Who are Naga people?

Nagas are a hill people who are estimated to number about 2. 5 million (1.8 million in Nagaland, 0.6 million in Manipur and 0.1 million in Arunachal states) and living in the remote and mountainous country between the Indian state of Assam and Burma.

Source: PM Modi Gifts Meghalaya Stole, Nagaland Shawl to Germany's Scholz | History, Significance of Souvenirs