About Municipal Bonds:
- What is it? A municipal bond or muni bond is a debt instrument issued by municipal corporations or associated bodies in India.
- Purpose: The funds raised are used to finance socio-economic development projects.
- History: It was first issued in the 1997 by Bangalore local body for infrastructure development projects 4 years after decentralization of powers and authorities to the Municipal bodies by the 74th constitutional amendment.
- Tax Exemption: Municipal bonds are exempted from tax provided the buyer adheres to the rules laid by the municipal corporations. The interest is also exempted from taxes.
- Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) Guidelines :
- The municipal body should not have a history of defaulting at repayments of loans or debt instruments acquired from financial institutions in the past year.
- It should possess a positive net worth in all the three years preceding the issuance of municipal bonds.
- Such municipal entity, its Group Company or directors, and promoters shall not be mentioned in the willful defaulters’ list published by the Reserve Bank of India.
What is a bond?
- It is a debt security.
- Borrowers issue bonds to raise money from investors willing to lend them money for a certain amount of time.
- When you buy a bond, you are lending to the issuer, which may be a government, municipality, or corporation.
- In return, the issuer promises to pay you a specified rate of interest during the life of the bond and to repay the principal.
Q1) What is the difference between a debt security and equity security?
Equity securities represent a claim on the earnings and assets of a corporation, while debt securities are investments in debt instruments. For example, a stock is an equity security, while a bond is a debt security.