Union Cabinet recently approved the establishment of new Primary Agricultural Credit Society in 2 lakh panchayats in the next five years.
About the Primary Agricultural Credit Societies (PACS):
- PACS are village-level cooperative credit societies that serve as the last link in a three-tier cooperative credit structure headed by the State Cooperative Banks (SCB) at the state level.
- Credit from the SCBs is transferred to the district central cooperative banks (DCCBs) that operate at the district level. The DCCBs work with PACS, which deals directly with farmers.
- Individual farmers are members of the PACS, and office-bearers are elected from within them.
- There are 1.02 lakh PACS in India (As per the RBI report of December 2022).
- To provide short and medium-term purpose loans to farmers for various agricultural purposes.
- Borrowing adequate funds from central financial agencies to help its members on time.
- Maintaining the supply of the hired light machinery for agricultural purposes.
- To promote savings habits among its members.
- To arrange for supplying agricultural inputs.
- Provide marketing facilities to members that could enhance the sale of their agricultural products in the market at reasonable prices.
- Organizational Structure:
- General Body: Exercise control overboard and management.
- Management Committee: The general body elects them to perform the work prescribed by society’s rules, acts, and by-laws.
- Chairman, Vice-Chairman, and Secretary: Appointed from amongst its members. They work for the benefit of the members by performing their roles and duties as assigned to them.
- Office Staff: Performs day-to-day work.
Q1) Who regulates Co-operative Societies in India?
The incorporation, regulation and winding up of co-operative societies (other than those operating in more than one State) is a State subject and is governed by the State laws on co-operative societies . In the case of co-operatives with objects not confined to one State, their incorporation, regulation and winding up fall in the central domain and are governed by the Multi-State Co-operative Societies Act, 2002. As the vast majority of co-operative societies are operating only in one State, the State Government and the Registrar of Co-operative Societies appointed by the State are the main regulatory authorities for the cooperative societies