What is a Letter of Comfort (LoC)?

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The Finance Ministry recently asked central public sector undertakings (CPSUs) to issue letters of comfort (LoCs) based on their own financial strength.

About Letter of Comfort (LoC):

  • What is it? An LoC is a letter issued to a lending institution by a stakeholder of the company acknowledging the support of the attempt for financing asked by that company.
  • They are usually issued by a third party or a stakeholder in the transaction.
  • For instance, a holding company can give an LoC on behalf of its subsidiary, or a government can issue a letter of comfort for PSUs.
  • It is not legally binding and does not imply that the parent company guarantees repayment of the loan being sought by the subsidiary company.
  • It merely gives reassurance to the lending institution that the parent company is aware of the credit facility being sought by the subsidiary company and supports its decision.
  • This provides some comfort to the financial institution to lend money for the short term or long term.
  • It, thus, is a moral rather than a legal obligation for the borrower.
  • It can also be issued by banks, NBFCs, and auditors.
  • It lays down the contract conditions and steps to complete the transaction successfully.


Q1) What is a Letter of Guarantee?

A letter of guarantee is a contract issued by a bank on behalf of one of their customers who has entered into a contract to buy goods or services from a supplier. The letter of guarantee lets the supplier know that they will receive payment, even if the bank customer defaults.
Source: PSUs Asked To Issue LoCs Based On Their Financial Strength