- Adenoviruses are a group of viruses that can cause mild to severe infections throughout your body.
- They can cause a wide range of illnesses, such as the common cold, fever, sore throat, acute bronchitis, pneumonia, pink eye, and acute gastroenteritis.
- There are many different types of adenoviruses, so that people can get infected more than once.
- Adenovirus infections occur throughout the year, but they tend to peak in the winter and early spring.
- Adenoviruses can affect people of all ages, but they’re most common in children younger than 5 years old.
- Most adenovirus infections are mild, but they can be more severe in people with weakened immune systems or existing respiratory or cardiac disease.
- Transmission modes:
- Adenoviruses are very contagious. They can spread from an infected individual to others via close contacts, such as touching or shaking hands.
- Infected particles can also transfer through coughing and sneezing.
- Fecal material can spread the infection via contaminated water, dirty diapers, and poor hand washing.
- Treatment for Adenovirus:
- There is currently no specific course of treatment or approved antiviral medication.
- Some medications with proper rest are advised to control the symptoms.
Q1) What is acute bronchitis?
Acute bronchitis is a contagious viral infection that causes inflammation of the bronchial tubes. These are the airways that carry air into your lungs. When these tubes get infected, they swell. Mucus (thick fluid) forms inside them. This narrows the airways, making it harder for you to breathe.