What is African Swine Flu?

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What is African Swine Flu? Blog Image

Overview:

Recently, 700 pigs culled in Damoh, Madhya Pradesh to control African Swine Fever.

About African Swine Flu:

  • African swine fever (ASF) is a highly contagious viral disease of domestic and wild pigs, whose mortality rate can reach 100%.
    • The virus belongs to Asfarviridae family.
  • Symptoms : vomiting, Diarrhea,reddening or darkening of the skin, particularly ears and snout, gummed up eyes etc.
  • African Swine Fever can be spread through:
    • Direct contact with infected pigs, faeces or body fluid
    • Indirect contact via fomites such as equipment, vehicles or people who work with pigs between pig farms with ineffective biosecurity.
    • Pigs eating infected pig meat or meat products.
    • Biological vectors - ticks of the species Ornithodoros.
  • It is endemic to sub-Saharan Africa but has spread to many other regions of the world, including Asia and Europe.
  • It is not known to affect human beings
  • There is no cure or precaution available for the infection and no approved vaccine So the only way to stop it spreading is by culling the animals.

 


Q1) What is a virus?

A virus is an infectious microbe consisting of a segment of nucleic acid (either DNA or RNA) surrounded by a protein coat.

Source: African Swine Fever scare: 700 pigs culled in Damoh, Madhya Pradesh