Why in news?
- The pieces that fell in the two villages have been named the Diyodar meteorite, after the taluka in which the villages are located.
- This is only the second recorded crash of an aubrite in India. The last was on December 2, 1852, in Basti, Uttar Pradesh.
- Key facts about Aubrite meteorites
- Aubrite meteorites are coarse-grained igneous rocks that are formed in oxygen-poor conditions.
- They contain a variety of exotic minerals that are not found on Earth.
- The recently found aubrite meteorite in Gujarat is composed of orthopyroxene.
What are Pyroxenes?
- Pyroxenes are silicates consisting of single chains of silica tetrahedra (SiO 4)
- Pyroxenes such as diopside and jadeite have been used as gems.
- Spodumene was historically used as lithium ore and rocks with pyroxene have also been used to make a crushed stone that is used in construction.
Q1) What is a meteorite?
A meteorite is a fragment of spatial matter that falls to the surface of a planet. Most meteorites that fall to Earth come from the Asteroid Belt.