What is BharOS?

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Recently, BharOS, an indigenous mobile operating system was developed by JandK Operations Private Limited, a non-profit organization incubated at IIT Madras and funded by the Department of Science and Technology.

Key Features of BharOS

  • BharOS is a mobile operating system similar to Android or iOS; it is based on an AOSP (Android Open Source Project) operating system and does not use any Google apps or services.
  • It would support Native Over The Air (NOTA) updates as well as No Default Apps (NDA).
  • It has a minimalistic home screen with the Indian flag, a list of app categories, and a selection of apps that have passed the OS's trust and security standards.
  •  It will employ the Private App Store Services (PASS) system to examine and curate apps that are safe for users.
  •  These systems enable smartphone users to interact with their devices and access their features while also ensuring their safety.
  • Current status: The current version of BharOS includes third-party apps such as DuckDuckGo and Signal by default.

What is Native Over The Air (NOTA)? 

  • Security updates and bug fixes will be automatically installed rather than users having to check for updates and implement them on their own

What is the No Default Apps setting? 

  • Users do not have to keep or use pre-installed apps in this mobile operating system.


Q1) What is an operating system?

An operating system (OS) is the program that, after being initially loaded into the computer by a boot program, manages all of the other application programs in a computer.

Source: Explained | What is BharOS software and how different is it from Google’s Android OS?