What is Brucellosis Disease?

1 min read
What is Brucellosis Disease? Blog Image


A seven-year-old girl from Kerala was recently affected by the contagious Brucellosis disease mostly found in cattle breeds.

About Brucellosis Disease:


  • Brucellosis is a bacterial infection that spreads from animals to people.
  • It is caused by various Brucella species, which mainly infect cattle, swine, goats, sheep and dogs.
  • Worldwide, Brucella melitensis is the most prevalent species causing human brucellosis.
  • Brucellosis is found globally and is a reportable disease in most countries. It affects people of all ages and both sexes.
  • However, Person-to-person transmission is rare.
  • Transmission:
    • Most commonly, people are infected by eating raw or unpasteurized dairy products. 
    • Sometimes, the bacteria that cause brucellosis can spread through the air or through direct contact with infected animals.
  • Symptoms:Brucellosis typically causes flu-like symptoms, including fever, weakness, malaise and weight loss.
  • Treatment
    • The infection can usually be treated with antibiotics. 
    • However, treatment takes several weeks to months, and the infection can recur.


Q1) What are Antibiotics?

Antibiotics are medicines that fight bacterial infections in people and animals. They work by killing the bacteria or by making it hard for the bacteria to grow and multiply.

Source: 7-year-old Kollam girl affected by rare Brucellosis; shifted to SIT hospital