What is Cerebellum?

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Overview:

A recent study has found that the human brain's cerebellum is more vulnerable to Covid infections than other brain regions.

About Cerebellum:

  • The cerebellum, which stands for “little brain”, is a structure of the central nervous system.
  • Location: It is a part of your brain located at the back of your head, just above and behind, where your spinal cord connects to your brain itself.
  • It only accounts for around 10% of total brain weight but contains as many as 80% of all neurons in the brain.
  • Functions:
    • Maintaining balance: The cerebellum has special sensors that detect shifts in balance and movement. It sends signals for the body to adjust and move.
    • Coordinating movement: Most body movements require the coordination of multiple muscle groups. The cerebellum times muscle actions so that the body can move smoothly.
    • Vision: The cerebellum coordinates eye movements.
    • Motor learning: The cerebellum helps the body to learn movements that require practice and fine-tuning. For example, the cerebellum plays a role in learning to ride a bicycle or play a musical instrument.
    • Other functions: Researchers believe the cerebellum has some role in thinking, including processing language and mood.

What is Cerebrum?

  • Cerebrum is the largest part of your brain and includes parts above and forward of the cerebellum.
  • It receives and gives meaning to information from the sense organs and controls the body.
  • It is also essential for memory, reasoning, communication, emotions, and many other functions.
  • The cerebellum and brainstem sit below the cerebrum and work alongside it to control the voluntary actions in the body.

 


Q1) What is Cerebrum?

Cerebrum is the largest part of your brain and includes parts above and forward of the cerebellum. It receives and gives meaning to information from the sense organs and controls the body. 

Source: Research Finds Part Of Human Brain That Is Most Affected By COVID-19