About Eastern River Canal Project:
- This canal project aims to harvest surplus water available during the rainy season in rivers in Southern Rajasthan such as Chambal and its tributaries, including Kunnu, Parvati, and Kalisindh, and use this water in south-eastern districts of the state, where water is scarce for drinking and irrigation.
- It proposes to provide drinking water to 13 districts of Rajasthan and provide irrigation water for 2.8 lakh hectares of land through 26 different large and medium projects.
Key facts about the Chambal River
- It is one of the tributaries of the Yamuna River and the most pollution-free river in India.
- It originates at the Singar Chouri peak on the northern slopes of the Vindhya mountains
- On its south, east and west, the basin is bounded by the Vindhyan mountain ranges and on the northwest by the Aravallis.
- The Hadauti plateau in Rajasthan occurs in the upper catchment of the Chambal River to the southeast of the Mewar Plains.
- Tributaries: Banas, Kali Sindh, Sipra, Parbati, etc.
- Major Dams on the River: Gandhi Sagar Dam, Rana Pratap Sagar Dam, Jawahar Sagar Dam.
- The National Chambal Sanctuary is situated along river Chambal on the tri-junction of Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh.
Q1:What is a Block mountains?
Block mountains are formed on the both sides of a rift valley, which is formed by deep submergence of a large landmass leaving behind two raised platform type.