What is Futures and Option (F&O) Contract in Trading?

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What is Futures and Option (F&O) Contract in Trading? Blog Image


Recently, the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) has asked local hedge funds to declare their futures and option (F&O) trades and the underlying stocks on which such equity derivative posi

About Futures and Option (F&O) Contract:

  • Futures Contract: It is an agreement between buyer and seller to buy or sell an asset at a certain time in the future at a certain price.
  • The buyer must purchase or the seller must sell the underlying asset at the set price, regardless of the current market price at the expiration date.
  • Underlying assets include physical commodities and financial instruments (stocks, currencies and bonds etc.)
  • They are subjected to high risk and can reap unlimited profit or loss.
  • Option Contract: An option is a contract that gives an investor the right but not the obligation to buy or sell a commodity at a specified price at a specified future date. 
  • They carry limited risk and can reap either unlimited profit or loss.
  • Advance is paid in the form of premiums in option contracts. 


Q1:What is hedging?

Hedging is an advanced risk management strategy that involves buying or selling an investment to potentially help reduce the risk of loss of an existing position.

Source: Sebi Seeks F&O Trade Info from Desi Hedge Funds