What is Guillain-Barre syndrome?

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What is Guillain-Barre syndrome? Blog Image

Overview:

Recently, Peru has declared a state of national emergency amid a surge in patients suffering from Guillain-Barré syndrome.

About Guillain-Barre syndrome: 

 

  • It is a rare autoimmune disorder where the body's immune system mistakenly attacks the peripheral nerves.
  • It is more common in adults and males, but it can affect people of all ages.
  • Symptoms
    • The first symptoms of Guillain-Barré syndrome include weakness or tingling sensations. They usually start in the legs, and can spread to the arms and face.
    • For some people, these symptoms can lead to paralysis of the legs, arms, or muscles in the face.
  • Causes
    • It is often preceded by an infection.
    • This could be a bacterial or viral infection.
    • The most frequently associated infections include Campylobacter jejuni, Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), cytomegalovirus (CMV), and the bacteria responsible for pneumonia and urinary tract infections.
    • It may also be triggered by vaccine administration or surgery.
  • Diagnosis
    • There is no known cure for this syndrome.
    • The most commonly used treatment is intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG), which is made from donated blood that contains healthy antibodies.
    • This helps calm down the immune system's attack on the nerves.

 


Q1) What is Immunity?

Immunity refers to the body's ability to defend itself against harmful pathogens, such as bacteria, viruses, and other microorganisms, as well as foreign substances. It is a complex system that involves various organs, cells, and molecules working together to protect the body from infections and diseases.

Source: What is Guillain-Barre syndrome? All you need to know as Peru declares national emergency amid surge in cases