What is Intelligent Knife (iKnife)?

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Overview:

New research led by the Imperial College of London has found an intelligent knife (iKnife), which can be used to diagnose womb cancer within minutes.

Why in news?

  • According to the World Cancer Research Fund International, womb or endometrial cancer is the 6th most commonly occurring cancer among people with uteruses.

How it works:

  • The knife uses electric currents on biopsy tissue and then analyses the vapourised aerosols from the tissue in a mass spectrometer to give real-time information about activity in the tissue.
  • The study noted that the knife reliably diagnosed endometrial cancer in tissue within seconds with an accuracy of 89%. This would greatly minimise the delays faced by patients who wait for a normal histopathological diagnosis.

 


Q1) What is Chemotherapy?

It is a treatment which uses drugs to stop or kill the cancerous cells from the targeted part of the patient’s body.

Source: New surgical knife detects endometrial cancer within seconds