What is Lupus?

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Selena Gomez, a singer-actor, recently revealed that she has Lupus.

About Lupus:

  • Lupus is an autoimmune disease in which the body’s immune system starts attacking your own tissues and organs. 
  • The condition primarily affects the kidney, but it also has an impact on the skin, blood vessels, connective tissue, heart, brain, and nearly every other organ.
  • It is treated by immunosuppression via drugs such as mycophenolate, azathioprine, cyclophosphamide, rituximab 
  • The SLEDAI disease activity index is used for the prognosis of this disease.

What is the Systemic lupus erythematosus disease activity index (SLEDAI)?

  • It is a global index that was developed and introduced in 1985 as a clinical index for the assessment of lupus disease activity in the preceding 10 days. 
  • It consists of 24 weighted clinical and laboratory variables of nine organ systems.

What are the types of lupus?

  • When people talk about lupus, they’re usually talking about systemic lupus. But there are four kinds of lupus: 
  • Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE): The most common form of lupus.
  • Cutaneous lupus: A form of lupus that is limited to the skin.
  • Drug-induced lupus: A lupus-like disease caused by certain prescription drugs.

Neonatal lupus: A rare condition that affects infants of women who have lupus.


Q1) What is the role of the immune system in the body?

The immune system has a vital role which protects our body from harmful substances, germs and cell changes that could make us ill. It is made up of various organs, cells and proteins.

Source: Selena Gomez shares the reason behind her shaky hands in a new video