What is Lyme Disease?

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What is Lyme Disease? Blog Image


A case of Lyme disease has been recently reported in the Ernakulam district of Kerala.

About Lyme Disease

  • It is a vector-borne infectious disease caused by the bacterium Borrelia burgdorferi.
  • Transmission:
    • It is primarily transmitted to humans through the bite of infected black-legged ticks, often referred to as deer ticks.
    • Lyme disease cannot spread:
    • between humans
    • from pets to humans
    • through air, food, or water
    • Lice, mosquitoes, fleas, and flies also do not transmit it.
  • It is prevalent in wooded and grassy areas worldwide, particularly during warmer months. It is most commonly reported in North America, Europe, and some parts of Asia.
  • Symptoms:
    • Early symptoms of Lyme disease start between 3 to 30 days after an infected tick bite you.
    • It commonly manifests with symptoms such as fever, headache, fatigue, and a characteristic "bull's-eye" red rash called erythema migrans (EM).
  • Erythema migrans serves as a hallmark sign, aiding in the early diagnosis and management of this tick-borne illness.
    • Left untreated, it can lead to more severe complications affecting the joints, heart, and nervous system.
  • Treatment:
    • The standard treatment for Lyme disease is antibiotics, such as doxycycline or amoxicillin, especially in the early stages.
    • In later stages, intravenous antibiotics may be required.

Q1) What are intravenous antibiotics?

Intravenous antibiotics are antibiotics that are administered directly into a vein so that they can enter the bloodstream immediately and bypass the absorption in the gut. 

Source: Lyme disease reported in Kerala's Ernakulam