What is Nano Urea?

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What is Nano Urea? Blog Image


The Prime Minister recently lauded the benefits of Nano Urea in bringing long-term positive changes in the lives of Indian farmers.

About Nano Urea:

  • It is a nanotechnology-based revolutionary Agri-input that provides nitrogen to plants.
  • It is developed and patented by the Indian Farmers Fertiliser Cooperative Limited (IFFCO).
  • IFFCO Nano Urea is the only nano fertilizer approved by the Government of India and included in the Fertilizer Control Order (FCO).
  • Features:
    • Compared to conventional urea prill, Nano Urea has a desirable particle size of about 20-50 nm and more surface area (10,000 times over 1 mm urea prill) and number of particles (55,000 nitrogen particles over 1 mm urea prill).
    • It contains 4.0 % total nitrogen (w/v).
  • Benefits:
    • It is produced by an energy-efficient, environment-friendly production process with less carbon footprints.
    • Increased availability to crop by more than 80%, resulting in higher nutrient use efficiency.
    • It is expected to improve crop productivity, soil health, and nutritional quality of produce and address the "imbalanced and excessive use" of conventional fertilizer.

Indian Farmers Fertiliser Cooperative Limited (IFFCO):

  • It is India’s largest multi-state cooperative society that is entirely owned by Indian cooperatives.
  • IFFCO is primarily engaged in the production and distribution of fertilizers. 
  • Headquarters: New Delhi, India.


Q1) What is the Fertilizer Control Order (FCO)?

FCO has been issued under the Essential Commodities Act 1955. It is administered by the Department of Agriculture Cooperation, Govt. of India.The FCO lays down what substances qualify for use as fertilizers in the soil, the procedure for obtaining a license/registration as a manufacturer/dealer in fertilizers among others.

Source: Nano Urea is a part of our various efforts to bring a long term difference in the lives of our farmers: PM